If you like reading you should know the National Library of Costa Rica in San José. It contains the largest collection of books and manuscripts in Costa Rica. The National Library is located in one of the most important places in San José, close to the National Park, so it is a great place to visit.

The National Library System of  (SINABI) is a network of 61 Public Libraries, the National Library, and the Bibliobus service. They all depend on Costa Rica’s Ministry of Culture and Youth. These units offer library services, information, and cultural recreation through cultural activities, training, and recreation. They serve more than one million users a year, benefiting the integral development of the community. The SINABI Libraries the activities include children, young adults, and older adults. They participate in a pleasant and respectful environment in which each person is important.

History

The National Library of Costa Rica was founded on October 13, 1888, during the administration of Ramón Bernardo Soto Alfaro, a landowner, merchant, lawyer, military and liberal Costa Rican politician. He was the 15th President of the Republic of Costa Rica.

It was located in different venues for short periods, but where it remained for more than sixty years was in the building that occupied 100 meters south of Morazán Park in San José, built in the administration of Don Cleto González Víquez between 1906 and 1907.

Ancient building of the National Library Miguel Obregon

On July 16, 1961, it was designated as National Library “Miguel Obregon Lizano”, in honor of this citizen who devoted many years to the National Library and the creation of public libraries in some of the provinces of the country.

The acquisition of the land and construction of the building that currently occupies the Library took place during the administration of José Joaquín Trejos Fernández. It was inaugurated by Mr. José Figueres Ferrer on September 15, 1971. It occupies a land of 3,651 square meters. The structure is made of reinforced concrete and consists of four levels.

Since its creation it was an entity attached to the Ministry of Public Education, as of July 5, 1971, it was transferred to the Ministry of Culture, Youth and Sports.

For almost two years the Library closed its doors to the public, due to the damage caused to the building by the 1990 and early 1991 earthquakes. When the repairs to the structure were finished, it reopened its doors in 1992.

From February 19, 2001, and until October 14, 2003, the National Library was forced to close due to the damage caused to the building by other earthquakes.  This decision was taken because the Library building had to be repaired structurally again. Part of the services of User Attention and Loan of documents was closed and basically limited to the consultation of newspapers and documentary material by duly registered researchers. On October 15, 2003, all services were resumed.

Who was Miguel Obregón Lizano?

The National Library of Costa Rica was named after Miguel Obregón Lizano in memory of the “Benemérito de la Patria”. Don Miguel was born on July 19, 1861, in the Province of Alajuela and dedicated his life to the improvement of Costa Rican education. With the closure of the University of Santo Tomás, he urged that the collections located in this university’s library were moved to the National Library of Costa Rica. That happened on October 13, 1888. He also had the vision to promote the creation of the Costa Rican network of public libraries. On July 8, 1935, the Legislative Assembly of Costa Rica, in recognition of its contribution to national culture and education, named him “Benemérito de la Educación”.

In 1961, in commemoration of the centenary of the birth of Miguel Obregón Lizano and his creative vision on the country’s libraries, his name was given to the National Library of Costa Rica, called since the National Library Miguel Obregón Lizano (BNMOL). Lozano died on July 24, 1935, at the age of 74 in the Province of San José.

The Library’s documentary collection was first begun with books donated by the University of Santo Tomás, an institution that closed its doors in 1885. Subsequently, other documents from the archives, founded in 1882, including books, newspapers, documents, were incorporated.

The National Library’s documentary collection is made up of a bibliographical collection divided into national books and foreign volumes, newspaper collections containing national and foreign magazines, as well as newspapers, audiovisuals and a collection of reference works.

Bibliographic collection.

Biblioteca Nacional “Miguel Obregón Lizano” located in San José, Costa Rica. Founded in 1888

The National Library contains a valuable bibliographic collection with publications since the 16th century. Currently, the national library preserves a collection of books, reference works, national and international journals, audiovisual resources, the newspaper library or newspapers that are rescued among them, the scientific articles of the naturalists Anastasio Alfaro and Henri Pittier.

The Special Collections Room “Adolfo Belen” contains a documentary collection of incalculable value, the heritage of Costa Ricans, so this room offers the physical and environmental conditions for the preservation of this valuable patrimonial heritage.

Directors of the National Library.

The National Library of Costa Rica has been directed by Costa Rican and foreign personalities immersed in the librarianship and cultural world:

  • Miguel Obregón Lizano.
  • Bernabé Quirós Pacheco.
  • Máximo Soto Hall Flag of Guatemala.svg Guatemala (1899-1902)
  • Valeriano Fernández Ferraz.
  • Carlos Gagini Chavarría.
  • Roberto Brenes Mesén.
  • Adolfo Blen Muñoz.
  • Joaquín García Monge.
  • Julián Marchena Valle-Riestra.
  • Marco Tulio Zeledón Matamoros.
  • Carmen Quirós Saborío.
  • Efraín Picado Azofeifa.
  • José Ruperto Arce Delgado.
  • Cleotilde Obregón Quesada.
  • Yamileth Solano Navarro.

Laura Rodríguez Amador.

The documentary collection of the National Library is made up of:

  • Costa Rican newspapers published since 1833.
  • Costa Rican magazines published since 1864.
  • Books published in Costa Rica since 1836.
  • Books published abroad since the 17th century.
  • Foreign magazines.
  • Costa Rican music and Costa Rican sound archives.
  • Videos.
  • Photographs.
  • Maps and plans.
  • Documentary archive.