To feed 10,000 million humans by 2050, in a healthy way and respecting the planet at the same time, experts advocate dividing the consumption of meat by 2 and duplicating that of fruits, vegetables, and nuts. In other words, there must be a “radical transformation” of our eating habits.

In a study by the medical journal “The Lancet” and the NGO “EAT Foundation”, scientists recommend consuming an average of 300 grams (g) of vegetables each day; 200 g of fruit, 200 g of whole cereals (rice, wheat, corn), 250 g of whole milk (or equivalent), but only 14 g of red meat, that is 10 times less than a beef steak. To replace the proteins provided by red meat, scientists recommend consuming poultry meat (29 g), fish (28 g), eggs (13 g), and nuts such as walnuts or almonds (50 g).

TIP: Get our latest content by joining our newsletter. Don't miss out on news that matter in Costa Rica. Click here.

Some healthy foods that we should include in our daily diet

According to them, this regime would allow avoiding some 11 million premature deaths a year in the world; that is, 1/5 of the total deaths. In 2050, the world population will reach 10 billion people.

It would also be good for the planet because “global food production threatens the stability of our climate system and our ecosystems. Current diets are bringing the Earth beyond its limits and are a source of disease; they are a threat both to people and to the planet, at the same time”, the authors write.

This report, which for 3 years mobilized 37 experts from 16 countries, establishes a “planetary health regime”. Its objective is to guarantee a “balance between human health needs and environmental impacts”. “This does not mean that the world population should eat exactly the same foods”, the experts say.

At the global level, this regime would allow the consumption of healthy foods such as fruits, vegetables, legumes, and nuts to be doubled. On the contrary, it would be necessary to reduce -by more than 50%- the consumption of less healthy foods, such as added sugars (soft drinks, for example) and red meat, as well as to avoid processed foods.

An average family eating really healthy foods

Change in production

These global objectives conceal enormous disparities according to the level of development and culture of the country. In the United States, for example, the consumption of red meat is 280 g on average, which would require dividing its consumption by 20.

“More than 820 million people do not have access to enough food; 2,400 million people consume too much and, in total, close to half of the world population has a diet with nutrient deficiencies”, says the report.

In addition to the change in diet, experts advocate a radical change in the way of production, avoiding concentration on a few types of crops, limiting the expansion of agricultural land that reduces forests, and avoiding overfishing.

We also have to reduce food waste and losses in production processes by half

“The way we eat is one of the main causes of climate change, the loss of biodiversity and non-communicable diseases”, such as obesity, diabetes, or cardiovascular diseases, one of the authors of the study, Professor Tim Lang, of the University of London, told AFP. “In the same way that our food system changed radically in the 20th century, we believe it has to change radically in the 21st century”, he concluded.

 

LIKE THIS ARTICLE? Sign up to our newsletter and we will send you updates of our latest content as soon as they are available. Click here.

VIAAgencia/Redacción CRHoy
SOURCEAgencia/Redacción CRHoy
Previous articleHow Can Students Travel For Free?
Next articleThe Costa Rican Banking System Will Migrate Completely to “Chip” and “Contactless Payment” Technologies
I am not only a fluent Spanish-English reader/speaker but also a bi-cultural person who has a broad solid background. I also have a passionate interest in different expressions of music, especially many American styles and their combinations (Folk-Country, Jazz, Pop, Rhythm and Blues, Rock, Soul, and so on), dance, stage and screen, and some other forms of artistic expression.