New York State Legalizes Composting of
    Human Bodies

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    New York became the sixth state in the United States to allow the so-called human composting. People can now turn their body into dirt after they die. This is considered a greener alternative to a burial or cremation.

    Also known as “natural organic reduction”, the practice causes a body to break down for several weeks. This after being locked in a container. In 2019, Washington was the first US state to legalize it. Colorado, Oregon, Vermont, and California followed suit. New York is thus the sixth US jurisdiction to allow human composting, following the stamp of approval given last Saturday by Kathy Hochul, the state’s Democratic governor.

    Some special details

    The process occurs in special buildings and, unlike traditional burials, decomposition occurs above ground. A body is placed in a closed container along with selected materials, such as wood chips, alfalfa, and straw, and gradually decomposes under the action of microbes.

    After a period of about 1 month, and a heating process to eliminate any possible infection, the resulting soil is received by loved ones. This can be used to plant flowers, vegetables, or trees.

    An American company, Recompose, has said that its service can save a ton of carbon compared to a traditional cremation or burial. American composting companies like Recompose, in Seattle, say the process is a green option after death.

    Carbon dioxide emissions are one of the main contributors to climate change. These act by trapping the Earth’s heat, in a phenomenon known as the greenhouse effect. Traditional coffin burials also consume wood, soil, and other natural resources.

    Opinions for and against it

    Proponents of human composting say it is not only a more environmentally friendly option but also more practical in cities where space for cemeteries is limited. New York’s approval of the process was “a big step for accessible green death care across the country”, said a New York-based provider.

    But for some, there are ethical questions about what happens to the soil that results from composting. The Catholic bishops of New York State, for example, reportedly opposed the legislation, arguing that human bodies should not be treated as “household waste”.

    Concerns have also been raised about the cost of composting. But firm Recompose, whose Seattle plant is one of the world’s first, says its US$7,000 fee is “comparable” to the other options. The median price for a funeral with burial was US$7,848 in 2021 or US$6,971 for a funeral with cremation, according to the National Funeral Directors Association (NFDA). In the rest of the world, human composting is legal in one country: Sweden.

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