As scientific evidence grows that psychedelics such as psilocybin are not only safe to consume, but also can be effective in improving mental health some US states have begun the process to decriminalize and even legalize psychedelics for both personal consumption and for use in psychedelic healing therapy centers. So far they are the following:
Colorado residents will get the chance to vote on the Natural Medicine Health Act Initiative. If passed, Colorado will legalize the personal use of most natural psychedelics, including psilocybin, ibogaine, and DMT, though the sale of such substances would remain illegal. As the bill only refers to “natural medicines,” synthetic psychedelics such as LSD and MDMA would not be legalized.
The state will also set up legal psilocybin therapy healing centers, where any adult 21 years of age and older will be able to receive psilocybin-assisted therapy by a trained facilitator. Importantly, to receive treatment, a person need not have received a mental health diagnosis. Rather, any adult resident of Colorado would be eligible.
It is important to note that this legalization will only affect psilocybin. Other psychedelics such as LSD and DMT will remain illegal. Furthermore, the sale of psilocybin for recreational purposes will remain illegal.
The leader of the New Jersey Senate filed the Psilocybin Behavioral Health Access and Services Act. If passed, it would legalize the possession, home cultivation, and gifting of psilocybin mushrooms for adults 21 and older. Plus, it would create a framework to allow psilocybin healing centers to operate, with licensed therapists giving psilocybin therapy.
To start, the healing centers will be limited to treating military veterans, retired first responders, and health care workers, though if the program is successful, it could expand in the future.
The governor of Connecticut signed a budget bill that included a provision to set up psychedelic-assisted therapy treatment centers, where qualified patients could receive government-funded psilocybin or MDMA-assisted therapy.
The mechanism for this is the Connecticut Psychedelic Treatment Advisory Board, which was set up in the budget bill. This board will make recommendations on the “design and development of the regulations and infrastructure necessary to safely allow for therapeutic access to psychedelic-assisted therapy upon the legalization of MDMA, psilocybin, and any other psychedelic compounds.”
In California, there is currently a bill being debated called SB-519. This bill would decriminalize the personal use of most psychedelics, including psilocybin, MDMA, LSD, and DMT. The bill would also allow for “facilitated or supported use,” which may open the door to psychedelic-assisted therapy centers.
While its passage is by no means certain, if California were to decriminalize psychedelics for its almost 40 million people, it would be a huge step towards ending the War on Drugs in the USA. Previously, the bill had been debated in 2021 but had to be pushed back while legislators “receive more education” on the matter. Now, it appears the bill is back on the agenda, with a hearing on August 3rd.
Oregon is the furthest progress towards legalizing psilocybin. In 2020, Oregon residents voted for Measure 109, which mandated that the state establish legal healing centers where all adults 21 years of age and older can receive psilocybin-assisted therapy.
Since the referendum, Oregon has been busy shaping the rules that will govern these centers. It now appears likely that the first such psilocybin healing centers in the state will open before the end of 2023, with them beginning to scale in 2024.