Inter-American Court Gives Deadline for Costa Rica to Endorse IVF

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    The Costa Rica News (TCRN) – The six-month period established by the Interamerican Court of Human Rights (Inter-American Court) in a judgment against Costa Rica to allow IVF passed yesterday, but the bill on the subject has not advance in Congress .

    The Ombudsman said in a statement that after more than 12 years of ban in vitro fertilization (IVF) is still not implemented in Costa Rica, which violates the human rights of couples who require such treatment to conceive children.

    The ruling highlights the fact that in practice of the ban remains is still in effect and that this implies that people continue to suffer human rights violations and this recognized by the Court American the statement said.

    The Ombudsman also called on the executive and the legislature branches to take the necessary measures in order to comply with the judgment of the Inter-American Court and “ensure access and full exercise of the rights and the inhabitants”.

    In vitro fertilization is prohibited in Costa Rica since 2000 due to a decision of the Constitutional Chamber of the Supreme Court, which stated that this technique violated the right to life of embryos that are not implanted in the womb of women.

    Six months ago, Costa Rica CorteIDH was convicted for violating the “right to private and family life, reproductive rights and personal integrity” of several couples with IVF ban, among other things ordered endorse the technique in six months and compensate the plaintiffs.

    On 2 April, Costa Rican President Laura Chinchilla, sent Congress a bill which seeks to allow IVF, but the initiative has seen little progress in a legislative committee.

    The project, called “Act in vitro fertilization and transfer of human embryos” allows the transfer two embryos in women for each reproductive cycle, number that can increase to three depending on the medical judgment.

    The project also includes jail terms for those who transfer of higher numbers of embryos than permitted.

    The Government of Costa Rica reported last February that it complied with the compensation ordered by the Inter-American Court for 18 couples plaintiffs to receive a total of nearly $ 415,000.

    The Costa Rica News (TCRN)
    San Jose Costa Rica

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