As part of their sovereignty, all nations enact laws to regulate the migration of foreigners along its borders. The instrument used to demonstrate the approval of entry and legal stay in a country is known as a visa.
Costa Rica, has regulations pertaining to the entry of foreign nationals, establishing different requirements depending on nationality. Based on a principle of reciprocity (with some very notable exceptions, for example, the United States of America, and countries that have signed a bilateral treaty), our country will request or refrain from requesting an entry visa to allow a foreign national to enter Costa Rican soil.
Lets say for example that a country demands that Costa Rican nationals secure entry or consular visa prior to visiting. Costa Rica, in turn, will ask nationals that country to also process an entry or consular visa prior to arrival. Failing to present such a visa will result in the denial of entry.
Visa requirements answer to issues of national security, the rule here been that foreign nationals from countries with ties to international terrorist organizations or with conditions of internal turmoil should be subjected to intense screening before being allowed into Costa Rican territory, even if they produce a valid passport and proof of means.
Through the Costa Rica´s Visa Granting Regulation, for entry visa purposes the Government has divided nationalities in the following 4 groups:
The first group, we can find the countries whose nationals will be allowed to enter Costa Rican territory without an entry or consular visa. This means foreign nationals of group 1 will be able to enter Costa Rica solely on the basis of their passport (plus additional documents such as round-trip ticket, etc.) The passport must have at least a 1-day validity. The Immigration Officer will determine the maximum period of legal stay in the country for these foreign nationals, but under no circumstances will this period exceed ninety days. In this group, we find countries such as the US, Germany, Canada, Brazil, Chile, Denmark, Spain, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Mexico, Panama, the United Kingdom and Rumania.
The second group we find the countries that are not required to secure entry or consular visa, however, the maximum period of legal stay for these foreign nationals will be thirty days, extendable to up to ninety. For group 2 nationals, their passport must have a minimum validity of three months on the day of entry. Here we find countries such as Bolivia, the Philippines, Guatemala, Taiwan, and Venezuela.
The third group, we find countries such as Albania, China, Ecuador, India, Nicaragua, South African, Vietnam, whose nationals will need a special consular visa that shall be granted at a Costa Rican Consulate abroad as well as a passport with a minimum six-month validity on the day of arrival to our country.
The fourth group gathers all other countries such as Haiti, Jamaica, Srilanka, whose nationals will need a special restricted visa granted by the Committee of Restricted Visas in order to enter Costa Rica. Just as with group 2, group 3 and 4 nationals will be granted a thirty-day visa, extendable to up to ninety days and their passport must have a minimum validity of 6 months on the day of arrival.
Furthermore, the entry visa these two last groups shall receive will allow a single entry and will be valid for 60 days after been stamped on the passport. Essential to state that when we say extendable to up to 90 days, that means that a request must be filed before Immigration, it will NOT be granted automatically.
Now, whilst Immigration has established particular exceptions to the aforementioned entry rules for El Salvador, Nicaragua, China and Colombia, general concessions include:
1. Nationals of countries with consular or restricted visa requirements who hold a visa multiple entry visa (tourist visa, crew member visa or business visa) to the United States of America (exclusively visa type B1-B2, B1 and / or B2, visa type D, C1 / D multi-entry) and Canada (exclusively multiple entry visa) may enter Costa Rica on the basis of such visa, without having to process an entry or consular visa. The term of permanence will not be greater than the validity of the visa presented and will not exceed 30 days.
2. Nationals of countries with a consular or restricted visa requirement with a legal stay that allows multiple entries and with a minimum validity of six months for the United States of America, Canada and the countries of the European Union, will be able to enter without a consular visa. The term of six months must be counted from the day of entry into Costa Rica. The term of permanence will be a maximum of 30 calendar days.
All visas issued in languages different to Spanish or English must be duly translated into Spanish and the translation must be legalized or apostilled in the country of origin. The Costa Rican Government constantly publishes and reviews the list of all recognized countries and their dependencies pertaining to each group, as well as the bilateral agreements that are in place.
Revise the pertaining requirements prior to your visit
Therefore, prior to visiting our country, it would be wise to quickly revise the requirements per nationality and make sure you get to actually board the plane to Costa Rica. Whilst this matter seems easy, securing a consular visa can be tricky and time-consuming. Hence, as we always advise, plan ahead!