The European Union (EU) and the Inter-American Institute for Cooperation on Agriculture (IICA) reported that they are working to mitigate the impacts of the Pandemic on food and nutritional security in the coffee sector of Central America.
The authorities highlighted the need to adopt immediate measures that contribute to satisfying the food needs of small and medium coffee producers in the countries of the region and to design and activate a strategy aimed at strengthening productive diversification through the cultivation of short-cycle crops, such as basic grains and vegetables.
“Providing immediate assistance in order to protect the food production of coffee families, for self-consumption and marketing is one of the priorities that must be promoted in the countries of the region to minimize the impacts that the current health crisis may cause, “ the IICA representative, explained in a statement.

Prior to the health crisis, Central America already faced food and nutritional security challenges. IICA data indicates that it is estimated that more than 2.5 million people are under the food emergency crisis in the region.
In the framework of the Central American Program for the Comprehensive Management of Coffee (PROCAGICA), the experts implemented a strategy, which in its first stage has directly benefited 4,518 coffee producing families, who during the so-called “first” planting, established crops such as beans, corn, cucumbers, radishes, pipián and ayote.
The production obtained will be used for the self-consumption of Central American families, as well as for the generation of additional income as a result of local marketing.
The initiative is oriented to work under a specialization approach to livelihoods, where it seeks to concentrate efforts and resources on those activities that best benefits can represent coffee producing families in each country and territory. As part of the support, IICA and the European Union delivered a food security kit, which contains vegetable seeds and basic grains.
“The women who receive it are very grateful because it helps to alleviate the situation and in this way, they guarantee food security and the diversity in their plate of food because they will be able to consume vegetables; also in basic grains such as beans and corn,” said members of the APROLMA cooperative.
The authorities explained that the productive diversification with basic grains is an alternative that joins the efforts to mitigate the impacts of COVID-19 and has the accompaniment and monitoring of the Program Area Unit and the National Coffee Association.

Coffee plantation

At the level of the countries where PROCAGICA is implemented, these actions will continue to be implemented during the “last” cycle of 2020 and the new “first” cycle of 2021, hoping to support nearly 8,000 families in total.
The strategy is based on ensuring the production of coffee as the main crop, strengthening the productive diversification of coffee farms through the implementation of short-cycle crops for self-consumption and marketing.
In addition to the development of virtual tools to strengthen capacities of technicians and producers in the region and the promotion and establishment of demonstration plots through the use of information and communication technologies strengthening innovation and technology transfer processes.

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