The Costa Rica News (TCRN) – Latin America needs more and varied methodological tools as policies against inequality are translated into concrete actions to meet the needs of vulnerable groups, said Liliana Valiña, consultant of Human Rights for the United Nations in Paraguay.
Valiña recently presented the work “Construction of Human Rights Indicators: Regional Experiences,” published by the UN. It collects the methodology of human rights indicators used by Mexico, Ecuador, Brazil, Paraguay and Bolivia based on the proper needs.
According to Valiña, adaptations made by each country are key instruments to achieve permanent changes in equality and human rights in Latin America.
“There are progress and challenges. Many countries in the region have guaranteed constitutions and institutions on human rights. There are advances in legislation, but in practice a lot of things are missing because we are the most unequal region in the world. We have not fully achieved the leap of change,” said Valiña.
Applications encountered in each of these countries come from the “Report on Indicators for Promoting and Monitoring the Exercise of Human Rights”, published in 2008 by the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR).
“They have a new approach . They are indicators that not only look at management, but also the impact on people in different affected groups. Besides the similarities and differences between the countries that have applied can be seen,” she commented.
These indicators measure, for example, the right to a fair trial, access to water, a healthy environment and the right of women to a life free of violence is respected.
According to Valiña, the methodology used by the five countries serves as a reference to identify the scale of the needs, and then measures changes or experienced setbacks.
Valiña added that it may also be useful to civil society in the monitoring and development of public policies on human rights.
“Building Human Rights Indicators: Regional Experiences” was presented at the Cultural Center of the Embassy of Brazil, which has contributed to its publication.
The Costa Rica News (TCRN)
San Jose, Costa Rica