The Costa Rica News (TCRN) – Improvement of land use and sustainable management is key to facing climate changes in the Central American region, declared experts during a regional workshop which is held in Costa Rica.
Representatives from the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the Costa Rican Tropical Agricultural Research and Higher Education Center (CATIE) analyze the current situation of the territorial system of each Central American country and its implications.
“When we talk about land management, we talk about planning at the same time. There are more and more floods and droughts in the region, therefore we must implement actions to address climate change,” explained the official of land and water in Mesoamerica of FAO, Uruguayan Vera Boerger.
According to experts, due to climate change weather events are becoming more frequent and unpredictable, making the region more vulnerable.
Therefore, it is important to share experiences and lessons that exist in each of the countries in the region to plan a joint project on regulatory systems.
“Populations are increasingly vulnerable to climatic phenomena such as rising sea levels that will affect coastal areas and crops with drought. With these risks there is always a close relationship between land use and climate change,” said the investigator of the CATIE climate change, Jorge Faustino.
CATIE data indicates that in Central America 74% of agricultural land is degraded, mainly due to water erosion and poor soil management, so one should take steps to improve the situation.
In Central America, each country manages its territorial organization based on their immediate needs and the most beneficial would be to work as a region to lead to sustainable land management actions that support current implemented initiatives, according to the researchers.
For Boerger, one of the main areas for improvement is that in each country cooperate local organizations, government and representatives of civil society to improve and strengthen their communication about their needs.
FAO conducted a preliminary study where the current state and a regional proposal poses to promote public policies for sustainable land management and land use on climate change.
After the workshop, experts expect that representatives of the Central American countries have agreed to information for a future program.
The Costa Rica News (TCRN)
San Jose, Costa Rica