The Costa Rica News (TCRN) – The El Niño phenomenon, which involves heating the waters of the tropical Pacific and can lead to drought or excess rain is predicted to significantly affect to Central America.
“El Nino will significantly affect all of Central America,” said the director of the State Meteorological Nicaraguan Institute of Territorial Studies (INET), Marcio Baca.
The dry arch of Panama, northwestern Costa Rica, South Strip and West El Salvador, southern Guatemala, southern Honduras, as well as central and Pacific Nicaragua, will be the most affected areas in the region, said the expert.
El Niño, however, is not yet in full force according to official information.
“It began to take shape around February this year. International research centers indicate that at this time we are still in neutral conditions,” said Baca.
Having neutral conditions means weather conditions are normal, he said. At home, the IMN consider declining rainfall as a clear manifestation of the phenomenon.
Scientists at INET expect the area to start feeling the effects of El Niño during the second half of June or early July.
The Regional Committee for Water Resources of the Central American Integration System (SICA), which brings together government experts in meteorology, does not yet know the intensity that El Niño could develop.
Such committee plans to meet in June to address the time and intensity of El Niño could occur, since this depends on the impact it will have in each country, he added.
El Niño is a phenomenon born in the South Pacific, off the coast of Peru, where the surface waters of the ocean are warmed at least 0.5 degrees Celsius above normal levels, causing changes in the atmosphere and resulting in deficits or excessive rainfall.
The Costa Rica News (TCRN)
San Jose, Costa Rica