The fascination with the Mayan Long Count calendar is peaking as December 21st, 2012 approaches. As more attention is paid to the complex calendar system used by Mayans for daily, religious, and ceremonial life, the rediscovery of Mayan astrology also is capturing the attention of people the world over. Given the connection to the Mayan world via trade, ancient Costa Ricans undoubtedly became aware of the intricacies of the Mayan calendar systems. Viewed through the prism of the past, here is a pura vida perspective on the signs of the Mayan astrological chart.
Unlike our European based system, the Mayans used several distinct calendars to track and forecast various dates. The three most prominent were the Long Count, the Tzolk’in and the Haab. The Long Count has been calculated by Mesoamerican scholars to begin either on August 11, 3114 B.C.E. (Gregorian) or September 6-(Julian). This calendar could be used to calculate any date in the past or future. December 21st marks the completion of a cycle of 394 years, known as a B’ak’tun.
The calendar used for religious ceremonies is known as the Tzolk’in. Translated as the “distribution of days” this is a 260 day calendar with 20 periods of 13 days. Numbered 1 through 13, each day also had a unique day name, identified by a symbol, with 20 names in total. Both the numbers and the names repeat after each cycle.
The calendar that most closely mirrors our twelve month timekeeping, and which most closely resembles our twelve zodiac signs is the Haab. Comprised of 18 months of twenty days each, with a short month of five days, the Haab was the secular calendar of the Mayan world. Where our version has twelve months of 30, 31 and 28/29 days, the Haab has 18 months of twenty days each and a “short” month of 5 days. Since the Mayans did not use the concept of a “leap year” the correlation to our Gregorian system has shifted so that the “starting point (which would be the first day of POP-the first month in the Haab cycle) no longer coincides with Winter Solstice. This is also why Haab is referred to as the “vague year”.
There has been debated on whether the Tzolk’in or the Haab was the calendar used for astrology; quite possibly the Mayan priests may have relied on the former while the general public used the later for daily affairs. Fortunately for astrologers and non-astrologers alike, there are numerous websites that have free converters so you can find exactly what Mayan sign you were born under.
Below is a list of the months and their meanings/symbols. Please note that since the dates “shift” in reference to our Gregorian calendar, I have not referenced a specific date range for the months. (NOTE: The actual spelling and pronunciation of the Mayan names is a subject of debate among scholars of many disciplines. The list below reflects what I believe are the generally accepted names for the Haab months)
Lou Cheek is our resident astrologer. To arrange for a personal reading or astrological charts, please contact Lou here at The Costa Rican News.
Categories: December 21 2012 >> Mayan Astrology >> Mayan Prophecy
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