The Costa Rica News (TCRN) – Costa Rica and Ecuador each filed motions for protective measures at international level to two species of hammerhead sharks: the Scalloped Hammerhead, both Sphyrna lewini and Sphyrna mokarran, reported an environmental source.
Both countries submitted applications last Friday for the two shark species to be listed in Appendix II of the Convention on Migratory Species of Wild Life (CMS) confirmed the NGO Restoration Program for Sea Turtles (Pretoma).
Proposals for Costa Rica and Ecuador will be voted during the eleventh meeting of the Conference of the Parties (COP 11) which will be held in Quito, Ecuador, from November 4-9, 2014.
“If accepted, the developmental strategies are required by members of the convention to address the reduction of their populations,” said Pretoma.
CMS is an environmental convention under the framework of the United Nations Environment Program and serves as a platform for the conservation and sustainable use of migratory species and their habitats.
Appendix II includes species that need or would benefit from international cooperation.
According to Pretoma, in recent decades hammerhead populations have been reduced by up to 99% in some regions of the world due to finninf, fishing for the purpose of obtaining their fins, which are sold in Asian markets at high prices because of its supposed curative and aphrodisiac properties.
“These fishing threats, along with the destruction of coastal habitats, slow growth and prolonged gestation, have resulted in reductions in populations,” said the organization. ACAN-EFE
The Costa Rica News (TCRN)
San Jose, Costa Rica